Nutrition as Long-term Care as Experienced by Persons Living With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Qualitative Study

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Abstract

This study explored how young adult people living with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experienced that knowledge about their body symptoms and their food intake could promote recovery from their diagnosed disease. A hermeneutic approach was used to analyze interviews with patients living with IBD outside hospital. Thirteen young adults 18 to 45 years of age, with IBD, resided in their home environment and were engaged in different study and work activities. Two main themes emerged from the analysis of the interviews: (1) confidence with symptoms of disease as a source to recovery and (2) nutritional recovery in different stages of IBD. The course of the disease may be turned toward regeneration using a balanced diet in a long-term management perspective. Development of a tailored diet will provide energy and act as a catalyst to enhance the adaptive immune system in the body. Embodied knowledge and recovery from IBD within the individual patient requires understanding, clinical support, and the skills of the IBD nurse, dietitian, and doctor in an interdisciplinary team collaboration.

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