Since IV admixtures of oxytocin in the final working concentrations are not commercially available, oxytocin admixtures must be prepared immediately before use or compounded in a sterile laminar flow hood and stored until needed. Although published reports indicate short-term stability of oxytocin in Ringer's lactate solution and Ringer's lactatedextrose 5%, longer-term stability data at various temperatures are lacking.Methods:
A stability assay was developed, validated, and executed with oxytocin at two different concentrations in Ringer's lactate solution. Stability was assessed at 4 and 25°C over 31 days.Results:
This study shows that commonly used dilutions of oxytocin in Ringer's lactate solution retain greater than 90% of initial concentrations, when stored at room temperature or refrigerated for 31 days. These data show that oxytocin admixed with Ringer's lactate solution has extended chemical stability after preparation.Conclusions:
Demonstration of extended stability of oxytocin in Ringer's lactate solution will allow hospitals to give longer dating to oxytocin IV admixtures, provided they are prepared in a sterile environment and monitored in compliance with USP <797> guidelines. This should help minimize the potentially dangerous practice of admixing this IV solution at the bedside.