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Changes in EEG power and coherence were analyzed in 117 subjects during the performance of the creative task of finishing well-known proverbs in a new way, so as to change, if possible, their meaning, and the noncreative task of recalling the original (well-known) version of the end of each proverb. A characteristic feature of the creative task was that proverbs and sayings are stereotypes fixed in a memory matrix. During the task performance, the EEG was recorded in 19 derivations according to the international 10–20 system. Performance of the creative task was accompanied by a highly significant and reproducible increase in the power of the γ and β2 EEG frequency bands, as well as a less pronounced decrease in the power of the θ band in the central and parietoccipital cortical areas. In addition, the performance of the creative task was also characterized by an increase in the EEG coherence in the α2, β2, and γ bands. No gender-related differences were found in the patterns of EEG changes.