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Mindfulness-based interventions have been found to be beneficial in the treatment of various disorders. In the context of psychosynthesis therapy, mindfulness is employed as having an inner dialogue with the mental system and its psychological and psychosomatic components. However, empirical studies on the effect of this transpersonal-based mindfulness approach are still lacking. This study aimed at investigating the effect of mindfulness in the context of psychosynthesis on psychopathological symptoms. Fifty-eight participants (35 females, 23 males) attending a psychosynthesis seminar provided data on psychopathology (Symptom Checklist-90-Revised; SCL-90–R) and mindfulness (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire; FFMQ) at baseline (T1), postintervention (T2), and 3-week follow up (T3). A significant decrease for all psychopathological symptoms assessed by the SCL-90–R (p < .001) and an increase in mindfulness abilities determined by the FFMQ (p < .001) from T1 to T2 was observed. Postintervention effects remained stable at 3-week follow up. The decrease in psychopathological symptoms from T1 to T2 was significantly correlated to an increase in mindfulness abilities (p < .012). Future studies should investigate the effects of dialogical mindfulness on specific symptomatology including control conditions.