A cross-sectional study of the forearm bone density of long-term users of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


BACKGROUNDThere are concerns about the effect of hormonal contraceptives on bone mineral density (BMD), but there is currently no information available on the effect of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) on BMD. The objective of this study was to compare the BMD of LNG-IUS users with that of controls using the TCu380A intrauterine device (IUD).MATERIALS AND METHODSA cross-sectional study paired 53 women, aged 25–51 years, who had been using the LNG-IUS for 7 years, with 53 IUD users, according to age (±1 year) and body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) (±1). BMD was evaluated at the midshaft of the ulna and the distal radius of the nondominant forearm using double X-ray absorptiometry.RESULTSMean age of women was 34 years. BMI was slightly over 25 in both groups. Estradiol was normal. Mean BMD was 0.469 ± 0.008 and 0.467 ± 0.009 and 0.409 ± 0.009 and 0.411 ± 0.009 at the midshaft of the ulna and distal radius in LNG-IUS and IUD users, respectively, without significant differences.CONCLUSIONSWomen aged 25–51 years, using the LNG-IUS for 7 years, had a mean BMD similar to that of the control group of TCu380A IUD users.

    loading  Loading Related Articles