The aims of this study were to analyse the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in Chinese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients and to assess the ability of screening tests to predict these abnormalities within this population.METHODS
A total of 102 PCOS patients were evaluated. All patients underwent oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) with blood samples taken at 0, 1 and 2 h. The 2-h plasma glucose level was used to categorize subjects as having IGT or NIDDM.RESULTS
The prevalence of IGT was 20.5% and that of NIDDM was 1.9%. There was no significant relationship between BMI and 2-h plasma glucose levels. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for glucose to insulin ratio (G:I), homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) were 0.702, 0.734 and 0.733 respectively. ROC analysis suggested a threshold value of 10.7 in G:I ratio (73.9% sensitivity and 59.5% specificity), a value of 2.14 in HOMA (73.9% sensitivity and 73.4% specificity) and a value of 0.34 in QUICKI (73.9% sensitivity and 73.4% specificity) for the prediction of abnormal glucose tolerance (IGT and NIDDM).CONCLUSIONS
Chinese women with PCOS are at increased risk of IGT and NIDDM. Even though G:I, HOMA and QUICKI are easier than OGTT, they could not replace the role of 2-h post-challenge plasma glucose level in the screening of IGT and NIDDM in PCOS women.