Ovarian endometrioma: severe pelvic pain is associated with deeply infiltrating endometriosis

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

The objective of this study was to evaluate the significance of severe preoperative pain for patients presenting with ovarian endometrioma (OMA).

METHODS

Three hundred consecutive patients with histologically proven OMA were enrolled at a single university tertiary referral centre between January 2004 and May 2010. Complete surgical excision of all recognizable endometriotic lesions was performed for each patient. Pain intensity was assessed with a 10-cm visual analogue scale (VAS). Pain was considered as severe when VAS was ≥7. Prospective preoperative assessment of type and severity of pain symptoms (VAS) was compared with the peroperative findings (surgical removal and histological analysis) of endometriomas and associated deeply infiltrating endometriosis. Correlations were sought with univariate analysis and a multiple regression logistic model.

RESULTS

After multiple logistic regression analysis, uterosacral ligaments involvement was related with a high severity of chronic pelvic pain [odds ratios (OR) = 2.1; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1–4.3] and deep dyspareunia (OR = 2.0; 95% CI: 1.1–3.5); vaginal involvement was related with a higher intensity of lower urinary symptoms (OR = 13.4; 95% CI: 3.2–55.8); intestinal involvement was related with an increased severity of dysmenorrhoea (OR = 5.2; 95% CI: 2.7–10.3) and gastro-intestinal symptoms (OR = 7.1; 95% CI: 3.3–15.3).

CONCLUSIONS

In case of OMA, severe pelvic pain is significantly associated with deeply infiltrating lesions. In this situation, the practitioner should perform an appropriate preoperative imaging work-up in order to evaluate the existence of associated deep nodules and inform the patient in order to plan the surgical intervention strategy.

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