The typology of floodplain water bodies of the Middle Danube (Slovakia) on the basis of the superficial polychaete and oligochaete fauna

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Abstract

The oligochaete fauna of different side arms and other water bodies in the Slovak-Hungarian stretch of the River Danube below Bratislava (r.km 1840 - r.km 1807) was investigated. The structure of the oligochaete assemblages is correlated with the bottom substratum of the river. From data on the composition of the oligochaete fauna, the clustering and ordination analysis divided the inland delta water bodies into three groups supporting the river classification of Roux et al. (1982), i.e. eupotamon, parapotamon and plesiopotamon, but parapotamon and plesiopotamon divided furthermore into two subgroups, which better reflects hydrological conditions, type of substratum, depth of water bodies and presence of macrophytes. Oligochaete assemblages differ in individual type of group and subgroups, not only species composition, but mainly quantitative (average abundance).

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