This study determined the potential for periphyton growth on artificial surfaces using plexiglas slides exposed for different lengths of time, orientations and depths in the lower, lentic area of River Krka during the summer of 1995. During the research period, 88 taxa were identified. The most abundant group was Bacillariophyceae with 57 taxa. Species Cyclotella comta (Ehr.) Kutz., Achnanthidium affine (Grunow) Czarn., Cocconeis placentula Ehr. and Eolimna minima (Grunow) Lange-Bertalot were present in all samples. The results show significant differences in abundance, number and composition of algae between growth surfaces and depths. The number of species present shows statistically significant differences with respect to all three variables (days of colonization, depth and orientation), while the total number of cells per square centimeter varies with respect to the days of colonization and the depth only. The highest growth potential was observed after 60 days of exposition on the upper side of the horizontally placed surface at a depth of 1 m. During the same exposition time, the lowest growth potential was noted on the vertical slide at a depth of 18 m. Physical and chemical parameters and their relations to algal periphyton assemblages were also monitored.