The influence of environmental variables on the selection of a water body as breeding habitat by Salamandra salamandra was studied in an arid zone located in the southwestern part of its distribution range. From November 2002 to October 2003, 50 water bodies were monitored in the south east of the Iberian Peninsula. Environmental data were submitted to a stepwise logistic regression analysis at macrohabitat, water body typology and microhabitat scales in order to establish the main factors influencing the use of a given water body as breeding habitat by this species. A significant degree of dependence between the reproduction of Salamandra salamandra and environmental variables was observed at all of these levels. These results should be taken into account when populations of this species are subjected to management and/or recovery programmes in arid areas.