Ventricular Adrenomedullin Levels Correlate With the Extent of Cardiac Hypertrophy in Rats

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Abstract

We investigated the pathophysiological significance of adrenomedullin (AM) in the development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). LVH was produced by aortic banding (AB) in rats. The left ventricular weight/body weight (LV/BW) ratio, ventricular AM peptide and mRNA levels, and hemodynamics were measured at 1, 3, 7, and 21 days after the operation. Both LV/BW ratio and ventricular AM levels showed a significant increase from 1 day after the operation in the AB rats versus the sham-operated rats. Both increased in a time-dependent manner. The ventricular AM levels correlated with the LV/BW ratio (r=0.76, P<0.01). The AM mRNA levels were highly expressed at 1 day after the operation in the AB rats but showed no difference from 3 to 21 days after the operation between the AB and sham groups. The plasma AM levels showed a peak at 1 day after the operation in both groups. Then, we treated AB rats with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (quinapril) in 2 doses (1 and 10 mg [middle dot] kg-1 [middle dot] d-1) for 21 days. The quinapril treatment attenuated similarly both the LV/BW ratio and the ventricular AM levels. We also assessed the effects of AM and hydralazine administration for 7 days on the LV/BW ratio and hemodynamics of AB rats. Both AM and hydralazine administration reduced the blood pressure by [approximate]10% compared with the nontreated AB rats, but a reduction of the LV/BW ratio was observed only in the AM-treated group (P<0.05). These results suggest that ventricular AM levels are elevated by chronic pressure overload in a time-dependent manner concomitant with the extent of LVH and that AM may play a pathophysiological role in the development of LVH in chronic pressure overload. (Hypertension. 1999;33:1146-1152.)

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