Abstract 188: Loss of Renal Prolyl Carboxypeptidase in Mice With Chronic Kidney Disease

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There are 26 million adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the U.S. and the incidence continues to increase. It is well documented that the activation of the renin angiotensin system and the elevated formation of angiotensin (Ang) II both contribute to renal pathophysiology in CKD. Emerging evidence suggests that the Ang II degrading protease prolyl carboxypeptidase (PCP) is renoprotective. Thus, we investigated protein expression and activity of renal PCP using immunofluorescence, western blot and mass spectrometry in a mouse model of CKD. Renal injury in male C57Bl6 mice was caused by constriction of the left renal artery using silver clips (2K1C-method). Blood pressure measurements by radiotelemetry revealed a significant increase of 36.1 ± 3.9 mm Hg in 2K1C animals compared with control animals 1 week after clip placement (p<0.0001). Using immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, PCP was localized in the Bowman’s capsule of the glomerulus and in proximal and distal renal tubules. Western blot analysis showed PCP was significantly reduced in clipped 2K1C kidneys compared to unclipped kidneys of the 2K1C mice or compared to control mice (clipped 0.04 ± 0.02 vs unclipped 0.58 ± 0.16 vs control 0.65 ± 0.18, p < 0.05). In addition, renal PCP enzyme activity was found to be markedly reduced in 2K1C kidneys as assessed by mass spectrometric based enzyme assays (clipped 37.1 ± 4.3 pmol Ang-(1-7)/h/μg vs unclipped 77.3 ± 12.3 pmol Ang-(1-7)/h/μg vs control 120.7 ± 14.7 pmol Ang-(1-7)/h/μg, p < 0.01). In contrast, protein expression of prolyl endopeptidase, another enzyme capable of converting Ang II into Ang-(1-7), was not affected. Notably, renal pathologies were exacerbated in the 2K1C model as revealed by a significant increase in mesangial expansion (clipped 34.6 ± 3.1 vs unclipped 52.1 ± 4.0 vs control 1.2 ± 2.1, p < 0.0001) and renal fibrosis (clipped 57.5 ± 0.9 vs unclipped 33.0 ± 0.7 vs control 3.3 ± 0.2, p < 0.0001). Results suggest that PCP is suppressed in chronic kidney injury and that this downregulation may attenuate renoprotective effects via impaired Ang II degradation by PCP. Therefore, Ang II processing by PCP may have clinical implications in patients with renal pathologies.

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