Background: Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 4-like (NEDD4L) is a candidate gene for hypertension, and carriers of an intact NEDD4L C2-domain,encoded by the NEDD4L rs4149601 (G/A) GG genotype, together with the C-allele of the NEDD4L rs2288774 (C/T) polymorphism have been found be associated with hypertension both in African Americans and whites. However, there is no data on the relationship between polymorphism of NEDD4L rs4149601 and rs2288774 and hypertension in Chinese chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between the variation of NEDD4L rs4149601, rs2288774 and hypertension in CKD patients.
Methods: A total of 546 Chines Hans CKD patients were enrolled in our study. The SNPs were genotyped using PCR-based techniques. All patients underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and clinical data were also collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the relationship between polymorphisms and hypertension.
Results: 506 patients carried GG/GA genotype and 30 carried AA genotype. Rs4149601 AA genotype carriers had significantly higher rate of hypertension (68.3% vs 46.2%, P = 0.022) than GG/GA genotype carriers by Chi-squared test. AA genotype carriers also had a higher day-time and bedtime systolic blood pressure (142±16 vs 135±23, P=0.036; 137±18 vs 127±13, P=0.022, respectively) when compared with GG/GA genotype carriers. AA genotype [OR= 3.08, 95% CI (1.06-9.80)], lowever eGFR [OR=0.98, 95% CI (0.97-0.99)], older age [OR=1.03, 95% CI (1.01-1.05)] were independently associated with hypertension in CKD patients by multivariate logistic regression. However, No difference was found in blood pressure with rs2288774 TT/TC/CC genotypes, and no difference was found in the incidence of hypertension among patients with three genotypes.
Conclusions: Our results suggested 4149601AA genotype of NEDD4L may be associated with hypertension in CKD patients, and further genetic and functional studies are required to understand its role in the manifestation of hypertension in Chinese CKD patients.