Abstract 466: Protein Phosphatase 2A and c-Myc as Intracellular Messengers in the Natriuretic Renal Dopaminergic System

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Abstract

G protein-coupled receptor kinase 4 (GRK4) is known to negatively regulate the dopamine-1 receptor (D1R) in human renal proximal tubule cells (RPTC) leading to reduced sodium excretion. c-Myc is a transcription factor involved in positive regulation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 4 (GRK4). Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibits c-Myc by dephosphorylating a residue that normally stabilizes c-Myc. We have previously shown that stimulation of the natriuretic D1R in RPTC led to an increased ratio of PP2A/c-Myc binding. Treatment with PMA (protein kinase C inhibitor) led to a decreased PP2A/c-Myc ratio and a lack of cAMP accumulation after stimulation with fenoldopam (FEN, D1R agonist). We hypothesized that PP2A plays a key role in regulating natriuresis and that perturbation of PP2A would directly have effects on protein levels of c-Myc, the ratio of PP2A/c-Myc, and the accumulation of cAMP. We used normal RPTCs (nRPTC) and RPTCs that have an uncoupled D1R that no longer stimulates adenylyl cyclase (uRPTC). Inhibition of PP2A in uRPTCs with okadaic acid (OA, 100nM, 3 hr) caused an increase in c-Myc protein levels (97.8% ± 18.9 SEM; n=6; p<0.05 (1.44 / 0.73 RFU)), a decrease in the PP2A/c-Myc ratio (-81.8% ± 1.5 SEM; n=6; p<0.05 (1.42 /7.82 RFU)), and a lack of cAMP accumulation upon treatment with SKF38393 (a D1R agonist similar to FEN). Activation of PP2A with FTY720 (PP2A activator, 10μM, 3hr) caused a decrease in c-Myc protein levels (- 85.4% ± 2.3 SEM; n=6; p<0.005 (0.11/ 0.73 RFU)), an increase in the PP2A/c-Myc binding ratio by 345.3% ± 90.3 SEM; n=6; p<0.01 (34.82/ 7.82 RFU), and an increase in cAMP accumulation upon stimulation with SKF38393 (94.0% ± 12.4 SEM; n=3; p<0.05 (9.04/4.66 pmole cAMP/mg protein) compared to VEH. In summary, the D1R coupling defect found in uRPTCs was restored through activation of PP2A and inhibition of c-Myc. We conclude that PP2A interacts with c-Myc to regulate the natriuretic effect of the D1R providing additional insight into the intracellular regulatory events surrounding sodium excretion.

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