Abstract 79: Caveolin-1 Knockout Mice Have Salt-Sensitive Hypertension and Dopamine-1 Receptor Defects in Renal Cortex and Isolated Renal Proximal Tubule Cells

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Dopamine-1 receptors (D1R) are necessary for kidney proximal tubule-dependent natriuresis and maintenance of normal blood pressure, especially under high salt conditions. G-protein coupled receptor kinase 4 (GRK4) is a negative regulator of D1R function and single nucleotide polymorphisms in GRK4 have been associated with both hypertension and salt sensitivity in humans. Caveolin-1 (CAV1) directly binds to GRK4 and decreases kinase activity. We hypothesized that CAV1 knockout mice (CAV1KO) would have increased GRK4 kinase activity due to lack of physical interaction and inhibition of GRK4; thus overactive GRK4 would inactivate the D1R. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP, in mmHg ±SEM) measured over 5 days was not significantly different for Wild-type mice (WT, 128.9±4.2 mmHg, n=4) vs CAV1KO (129.5±3.5 mmHg, n=4) on normal chow (0.3% sodium). However, on a 4% high sodium diet, the MAP of CAV1KO mice increased in just 2 days by 20.1±4.2 mmHg (p<0.05 vs either Day 0 CAV1KO or Day 2 WT, n=4). The CAV1KO MAP increased by 25.9±6.6 mmHg by day 7 (p<0.05 vs either Day 0 CAV1KO or Day 7 WT, n=4). Hyperphosphorylation and inactivation of the D1R in renal cortex was examined by looking at phospho-serine D1R by immuno-precipitation and Western dot blotting. A 92.5% ± 18.8 SEM increase in phospho-D1R was found in the CAV1KO renal cortex (n=4, p<0.01 vs WT; 14,574/7570 RFU). Cortical slices were made and incubated for 30 minutes with fenoldopam (FEN, 10 μM) with or without LE300 (D1R-like antagonist, 10 μM) or vehicle (VEH). Cyclic AMP was measured by TR-FRET (Lance, Perkin Elmer). FEN significantly increased cAMP 5.6 fold ± 1.2 SEM (n=4, p<0.01 vs VEH; 7.84/1.4 pmole/mg protein) in WT but not in CAV1KO slices, and this effect was completely blocked by LE300. Primary mouse CAV1KO and WT renal proximal tubule cell lines were established and monensin (sodium ionophore, 5 μM, 30 minutes)-induced plasma membrane D1R recruitment increased as measured by confocal microscopy in WT (30.4% ± 7.4 SEM, n=11, p<0.01 vs VEH; 8990/6894 RFU) but not in CAV1KO proximal tubule cells. In summary, CAV1 is necessary in high salt conditions for maintaining normal blood pressure in mice and for preserving normal D1R function in kidney cortex and in mouse renal proximal tubule cells.

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