Abstract 99: Ac-SDKP Protects the Heart From Post-myocardial Infarction Remodeling and Dysfunction in Mice

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Abstract

N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) has anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and pro-angiogenic effects. We previously observed that Ac-SDKP reduces incidence of cardiac rupture in mice with acute myocardial infarction (MI), which is associated with its anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic properties. We hypothesized that Ac-SDKP, via its anti-fibrotic and pro-angiogenic actions, ameliorates left ventricular (LV) dilatation and fibrosis, thus improving cardiac function post-MI. C57BL/6J mice were divided into three groups: 1) sham MI, 2) MI + vehicle (VEH), and 3) MI + Ac-SDKP. Ac-SDKP (1.6 mg/kg/day) was given immediately after MI induction (i.p.via osmotic pump) for 5 weeks. Cardiac remodeling and function were assessed by echocardiography, and interstitial collagen fraction (ICF) and capillary density was determined histologically. We found that Ac-SDKP 1) reduced LV remodeling, evidenced by decreased LV chamber dimensions and areas, and reduced ICF and increased capillary density, with no changes in posterior wall thickness and LV weight (LVW), and 2) improved cardiac function, demonstrated by increased fractional shortening (FS) and ejection fraction (EF) (Table). We conclude that in murine models of MI, Ac-SDKP protects the heart from more severe remodeling and dysfunction, possibly via its anti-fibrotic and pro-angiogenic actions. Thus, the use of Ac-SDKP or its analogues could be a new and effective alternative in restoring cardiac function in patients after MI.

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