Platelet alpha2-adrenoceptors and diurnal changes of platelet aggregability in hypertensive patients


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Abstract

ObjectiveTo analyse whether platelets from hypertensive patients have an increased responsiveness to aggregating agents during morning hours and whether these changes might be related to concurrent changes in platelet membrane α2-adrenoceptor characteristics, plasma catecholamine and cortisol levels, and blood pressure values.Design and methodsBlood samples from 14 mild-to-moderate essential hypertensive males were collected in the morning (0700–0900 h) and the evening (1900–2100h) to determine platelet aggregability responses to adrenaline and ADP, platelet α2-adrenoceptor number and binding affinity to [3H]-yohimbine, plasma catecholamines and cortisol. During the same day patients underwent 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.ResultsThe lowest concentration of adrenaline required to induce biphasic aggregation was significantly lower in the morning than in the evening, indicating an increased morning platelet aggregability to adrenaline; the minimum ADP concentration inducing aggregation was similar in morning and evening samples. There were no significant differences between morning and evening samples in platelet α2-adrenoceptor number and binding affinity. Plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol levels were higher in the morning than in the evening, but no correlation was observed between hormonal changes and the morning increase in platelet sensitivity to adrenaline. Ambulatory blood pressure recording showed abrupt morning elevations in systolic and diastolic blood pressures over sleeping values. However, morning blood pressure readings were not significantly different from those recorded during the rest of the day and in the evening. The morning rise in mean arterial pressure displayed a significant inverse correlation with the increased platelet sensitivity to adrenaline that was observed during the same hours.ConclusionsThe results indicate that the increased morning responsiveness to adrenaline that was observed in platelets obtained from hypertensive patients does not appear to be mediated by changes in the characteristics of platelet membrane α2-adrenoceptors, but morning blood pressure elevations might play some role in inducing this platelet hyper-reactivity.

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