Trough: peak ratio of nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system and nifedipine retard in essential hypertensive patients: an Italian multi centre study


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Abstract

ObjectiveTo evaluate the antihypertensive effect of nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system and retard in terms of trough: peak ratio efficacy.MethodsAccording to a double-blind, randomized, crossover design, 58 patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, after 1 month placebo washout, received 30mg/day nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system, 20 mg nifedipine retard twice a day and the corresponding placebos for 1 month. At the end of each treatment period, blood pressure was measured by using a mercury sphygmomanometer at trough and 1, 2, 3 and 4h after the last dosing. The peak effect was identified as the maximum decrement induced by the three randomized treatments with respect to the value at the end of the placebo washout period during the 4h interval. The trough: peak ratios of systolic and diastolic blood pressure were calculated as group ratios and individual ratios from decrements induced by nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system and retard, corrected for those induced by randomized placebo. Patients were defined as responders to each randomized treatment if their diastolic blood pressure at trough time was reduced by at least 10mmHg relative to that at the corresponding time at the end of placebo washoutResultsNifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system and retard significantly reduced blood pressure to a similar extent both at trough and at peak. Systolic and diastolic group trough: peak ratios in responders to nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (n=41) were 0.80 and 0.88, respectively, and those in responders to nifedipine retard (n=30) 0.84 and 0.93, respectively. The percentage of patients with trough: peak ratios>0.50 was >80% (systolic trough: peak ratios) and above 90% (diastolic trough: peak ratios) for both nifedipine formulations.ConclusionsOur data show that 30mg/day nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system and 20 mg nifedipine retard twice a day have a favourable trough: peak ratios efficacy when given as monotherapy to essential hypertensive patients

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