Genetic determinants of essential hypertension in the population of Tatars from Russia

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Objective:Systemic inflammation and impaired function of endothelium play an important role in the development of hypertension. Our study aimed to analyze an association between essential hypertension and polymorphic markers in candidate genes in the group of 530 Tatars from the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.Methods:The study group consisted of 216 male patients with essential hypertension (mean age 48.92 ± 8.8 years) and 314 healthy individuals of corresponding sex and age without history of cardiovascular disease. Association between studied polymorphisms and essential hypertension was analyzed using PLINK.Results:We detected an association between EDNRB rs5351, VEGFA −2549(18)I/D, and ADRB2 rs1042713 polymorphisms and essential hypertension in men of Tatar ethnic origin. EDNRB, VEGFA, and VCAM1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were associated with SBP and DBP. However, only EDNRB rs5351 remained associated with hypertension after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. A Markov chain Monte Carlo-based approach implemented in the APSampler program was used to analyze association of genotype and/or allele combinations with disease. The most influential in conferring risk of hypertension was EDNRB*G/G+ADRB2*A+VCAM1*A combination (odds ratio = 4.15, PBonf = 5.43 × 10−8).Conclusion:Our results suggest that rs5351 single-nucleotide polymorphism is a strong independent predictor of essential hypertension in men of Tatar ethnic origin.

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