Cancer prevention in ulcerative colitis: Long-term outcome following fluorescence-guided colonoscopy

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Abstract

Background:

Patients with long-standing ulcerative colitis require repeated endoscopies for early detection of neoplasias, which, however, are frequently missed by standard colonoscopy. Fluorescence-guided colonoscopy is known to improve the detection rate but the long-term effects of fluorescence-guided colonoscopy are unknown.

Methods:

Colitis patients with negative findings at index fluorescence-guided colonoscopy entered a prospective long-term study with conventional colonoscopies at 2-year intervals. Risk and time to progression were evaluated. The positive predictive value was assessed in patients with neoplasias at index fluorescence-guided colonoscopy who underwent immediate total colectomy.

Results:

Thirty-one patients with negative fluorescence-guided colonoscopy were surveyed for a mean of 7.8 ± 0.9 years. Neoplasia was observed in only two of them (6%) after 7 and 8 years of follow-up, respectively. Neoplasia at index fluorescence-guided colonoscopy was observed in 10 patients. In all of them, multiple flat low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia was diagnosed. At immediate colectomy performed in eight of them, the diagnosis of flat low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia was confirmed, corresponding to a positive predictive value of 100%. However, synchronous more advanced neoplasia was detected in three of the eight patients (38%). All patients, those with and those without neoplasia, were alive at the end of the study.

Conclusions:

Fluorescence-guided colonoscopy misses, in contrast to standard colonoscopy, few, if any, patients with neoplasia. Most neoplasia-negative patients remain negative during prolonged follow-up. However, when low-grade dysplasia is diagnosed by fluorescence-guided colonoscopy, colectomy is recommended because more than a third of the patients harbor synchronous, more advanced neoplasia. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2012;)

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