Quality of Care and Outcomes Among Hospitalized Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients: A Multicenter Retrospective Study

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Half of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) require hospitalization. We sought to characterize inpatient quality indicators of care and outcomes during IBD-related hospitalizations at 4 major IBD referral centers in Canada.


We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients with IBD admitted from 2011 to 2013 to tertiary centers in Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, and Vancouver. We assessed the following inpatient indicators of care: pharmacological venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis, Clostridium difficile testing, and medical rescue therapy for steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). We also evaluated rates of VTE, C. difficile infection, and IBD-related surgery.


There were 837 patients hospitalized for IBD (Crohn's disease, 59%; UC, 41%). The proportion of patients with IBD who received VTE prophylaxis and C. difficile testing were 77% and 82%, respectively, although these indicators varied significantly by center and admitting specialty. Patients admitted under surgeons were more likely than those admitted under gastroenterologists to receive VTE prophylaxis (84% versus 74%, P = 0.016) but less likely to be tested for C. difficile (41% versus 88%, P < 0.0001). The rate of VTE was the same for those who did and did not receive VTE prophylaxis (2.2 per 1000 hospital-days). Among the 14 VTE events, 79% had received prophylaxis, but only 36% within 24 hours of admission. Among steroid-refractory UC patients, 70% received rescue therapy within 7 days of steroid initiation. The proportion of patients with UC and CD who required respective bowel surgery was 18% and 20%, respectively.


There are opportunities to optimize quality of care among hospitalized patients with IBD.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles