Subcutaneous Golimumab in Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis: Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Benefit

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Abstract

Background:

Current treatments for pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) are limited. We evaluated the pharmacokinetics and clinical benefits of subcutaneous golimumab, an anti-tumor necrosis factor agent, in moderately-to-severely active pediatric patients with UC refractory to conventional therapy.

Methods:

We report a multicenter, open-label study of golimumab with a pharmacokinetics phase (week 0–14). Patients had moderately-to-severely active UC and were naive to anti-tumor necrosis factor treatment. At weeks 0 and 2, patients received golimumab induction dosed by weight (<45 kg [90/45 mg/m2]; ≥45 kg [200/100 mg]). Week 6 clinical responders continued golimumab q4w. Serum golimumab concentrations, clinical outcomes (Mayo score, PUCAI score), and adverse events are reported.

Results:

Thirty-five patients (71.4% pancolitis) aged 6 to 17 years had baseline median (interquartile range), age, weight, and disease duration of 15.0 (11.0–16.0) years, 50.6 (35.2–59.0) kg, and 1.2 (0.6–3.1) years, respectively. Baseline Mayo and PUCAI scores were 8.0 (6.0–9.0) and 45 (35.0–65.0), respectively. Median (interquartile range) serum golimumab concentrations were comparable to a historical reference adult UC population at weeks 2 (5.72 [3.80–9.17] μg/mL), 4 (7.61 [3.22–9.51] μg/mL), and 6 (2.64 [0.92–3.83] μg/mL). Serum golimumab concentrations were generally lower in the <45 kg than ≥45 kg weight subgroup. At week 6, 60%, 34%, and 54%, of patients achieved Mayo clinical response, PUCAI clinical remission, and mucosal healing (Mayo subscore 0/1). No clinically important safety concerns were reported.

Conclusions:

This open-label study demonstrates that pediatric and adult golimumab pharmacokinetics are similar. Clinical benefit and safety shows promise in biologically naive pediatric patients with UC.

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