Mycobacterium abscessus: The Implications of Misidentification in the Immunocompromised Host

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Mycobacterium (M.) abscessus is an increasingly important pathogen in lung transplant recipients. Due to difficulty in accurately identifying M. abscessus from M. fortuitum–chelonae complex, appropriate treatment may be delayed. We present a case of misidentification of M. abscessus in a lung transplant recipient, which contributed to the patient's suboptimal therapy and eventual death. This case highlights the importance of accurate identification for appropriate treatment of M. abscessus in lung transplant recipients.

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