Influence of endodontic sealer cement on fibreglass post bond strength to root dentine

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Abstract

Aim

To test the hypothesis that the composition of endodontic sealer cements and the time elapsed between root filling and fibreglass post fixation interferes with adhesion to root canal dentine.

Methodology

Sixty bovine incisor roots were divided into five groups (n = 12): CI, unfilled; SI, filled with a calcium hydroxide-based cement-Sealer 26, and immediate post fixation; S7, Sealer 26 and post fixation after 7 days; EI, filled with a zinc oxide and eugenol-based cement-Endofill and immediate fixation; and E7 Endofill and post fixation after 7 days. The posts were cemented with adhesive system and dual resin cement. Ten roots were cross-sectioned to obtain two 1-mm-thick discs for each cervical (TC), middle (TM) and apical (TA) third of the prepared root portion. The posts were submitted to a micropush-out test. The other two teeth were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy to analyse the bond interface. Data were analysed using ANOVA, Tukey and Dunnett tests (P < 0.05).

Results

Group EI was associated with a significant reduction in bond strength values irrespective of the root region; TC = 3.50 MPa (P = 0.0001); TM = 2.22 MPa (P = 0.0043) and TA = 1.45 MPa (P = 0.003). Region of canal had an influence on the values for the cement used in group E7, in which only the TA presented differences from the CI.

Conclusions

Endofill interfered negatively with the bond to root dentine along its full length and in the TA when post fixation was delayed for 7 days. Bond strength decreased from crown to apex in all groups.

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