Management of advanced HIV disease in patients with tuberculosis or hepatitis co-infection

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Abstract

Summary

Advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease can be defined as a cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) count <50 cells/mm3 or the presence of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining illness. In the UK and Ireland, the number of patients who present with advanced HIV disease is increasing, with 301/977 (31%) of patients presenting late (<200 CD4 cells/mm3). Many patients who present with advanced HIV disease will have comorbid conditions, such as hepatitis B or C or tuberculosis (TB), which complicates the choice of therapy. This article reviews the evidence and some clinical scenarios for specific patient groups who may present with advanced HIV disease: those with comorbid TB, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. The aim is to offer practical advice on therapeutic options for treatment-naïve patients who present with advanced HIV disease on the basis of available clinical evidence.

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