Rapid and sustained blood pressure (BP) goal attainment is important to reduce cardiovascular risk. Initial use of combination therapy may improve BP goal attainment.Methods:
The Boehringer Ingelheim trial database was searched for randomised, double-blind studies comparing telmisartan/amlodipine combination therapy with monotherapy. Eight studies were identified. Eight separate analyses were used to compare combination therapy with respective monotherapies at the earliest available time points (weeks 1, 2 and/or 4).Results:
In patients initiated on combination therapy, greater systolic BP (SBP)/diastolic BP (DBP) reductions were seen with combination therapy (p < 0.0001); BP (< 140/90 mmHg), SBP (< 140 mmHg) and DBP (< 90 mmHg) goal attainment rates were significantly higher with combination therapy at all time points. In patients uncontrolled by monotherapy, greater SBP/DBP reductions were seen with combination therapy (p < 0.05 in all but one measure), and all goal attainment rates were significantly higher with combination therapy, except in one measure.Conclusion:
Many people can achieve their BP targets when taking a combination of telmisartan and amlodipine after failing to do so with monotherapy. Furthermore, BP targets can be achieved more rapidly using a combination of telmisartan and amlodipine as initial therapy than with either monotherapy.