Thromboprophylaxis: striking a balance between under-treatment and over-treatment

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Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among patients admitted to hospital. Pulmonary embolism results in 5–10% of deaths, and is the commonest cause of preventable deaths in hospitalised patients (1,2). In addition, considerable morbidity results from VTE, such as post-thrombotic syndrome and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The economic burden resulting from VTE and its complications is high (3).

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