Lymphocutaneous nocardiosis and cutaneous pheohyphomycosis in a liver transplant recipient

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Abstract

Background

Infections are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in transplanted patients. The increasing number of immunocompromised patients has not only augmented infections by specific pathogens, but also by opportunistic microbial agents.

Methods

A mixed cutaneous infection caused by Nocardia brasiliensis and Exophiala jeanselmei is reported in a liver transplant patient.

Results

The cutaneous lesions were painful nodules which drained purulent material. They were located on the right lower limb, with lymphadenopathies in the groin.

Conclusions

The patient was treated with itraconazole (600 mg/day) plus trimethoprim (1600 mg/day)–sulfamethoxazole (320 mg/day) for 8 weeks, with complete remission of the lesions.

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