Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia – an approach to diagnosis and management

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Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) occurs primarily in African–American women and is the most common cause of scarring hair loss in this population. Since the mid 20th century, hair care practices of African–American women have been associated with CCCA, although there is developing evidence that the etiology of CCCA may be multifactorial. Clinically diagnosing CCCA may be challenging because it can resemble female pattern hair loss, alopecia areata, lichen planopilaris, or telogen effluvium. Therapeutic options are limited, thus the goal of treatment is to prevent progression of disease because once scar formation occurs, it is irreversible.

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