The main aim of the Gezondheid en Levens Omstandigheden Bevolking Eindhoven en omstreken (GLOBE) study (the letters of whose name represent the first letters of the Dutch acronym for Health and Living Conditions of the Population of Eindhoven and surroundings) is to quantitatively assess mechanisms and factors explaining socio-economic inequalities in health in the Netherlands. Baseline data for the study were collected by postal survey in 1991 among 18 973 respondents ranging in age from 15–75 years from the city of Eindhoven and its surrounding municipalities. Subsamples (total N = 5667) were interviewed and/or surveyed in 1991, 1997, 2004 (also including a new sample), and most recently in 2011. Information was asked on indicators of socio-economic position, a range of potential explanatory factors (material, behavioural, psychosocial, and environmental) and health outcomes. From 2004 onwards, special emphasis was given to the identification of physical, social, and cultural environmental factors in the explanation of socio-economic inequalities in health behaviours. Information from the baseline postal survey onwards can and has been linked to several registries of causes of death, hospital admissions, and cancer. Researchers are cordially invited to contact the project leader (firstname.lastname@example.org) to propose research based on the data.