PD-L1 Expression in Premalignant and Malignant Trophoblasts From Gestational Trophoblastic Diseases Is Ubiquitous and Independent of Clinical Outcomes

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective

Recently reported expression of programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) in gestational trophoblastic diseases (GTDs) suggests that the immune tolerance of pregnancy might be hijacked during neoplastic process. We assessed PD-L1 protein expression in premalignant and malignant GTD lesions and analyzed associations with disease severity and chemotherapy outcomes.

Methods

We included 83 GTD whole-tissue sections from 76 patients in different treatment settings. PD-L1 protein expression was assessed with immunohistochemistry in each trophoblast subtype with the Allred total score (ATS), which combines intensity and proportion expression on a 0- to 8-point scale. Peritumoral immune infiltrate was scored on hematoxylin-eosin-safran–stained slides.

Results

PD-L1 expression was ubiquitous and strong in all GTD trophoblast subtypes. For invasive moles, ATS scores were maximal at 8 in 100%, 100%, and 75% of syncytiotrophoblast, villous cytotrophoblast, and extravillous cytotrophoblast specimens, respectively. For choriocarcinomas, ATS was 8 in 80% of specimens. Immune infiltrates were moderate to severe in 61%, 100%, and 100% of peritumoral zones of choriocarcinoma, epithelioid trophoblastic tumor, and invasive moles, respectively. Because of the homogeneous pathological findings, no significant differences in PD-L1 expression profiles or peritumoral immune infiltrates were found regarding FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology Obstetrics) prognostic score, fatal outcome, or chemosensitivity.

Conclusions

We confirm that PD-L1 is constitutively expressed in all GTD premalignant and malignant trophoblast subtypes, independently from FIGO score, chemoresistance, or fatal outcomes, thereby suggesting a crucial role for PD-L1 in the development and tolerance of GTD. Assessment of anti–PD-L1 drug in GTD patients has been activated.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles