Y Box-Binding Protein 1 Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, Invasion, and Metastasis of Cervical Cancer via Enhancing the Expressions of Snail

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ObjectiveY box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a potent oncogenic protein. How it regulates Snail in most tumors including cervical cancer is unknown. This article is to study if YB-1 plays a role in cervical cancer via regulating the expression of Snail.MethodsImmunohistochemical staining of YB-1, Snail, and E-cadherin (E-cad) was performed on tissue specimens including 35 cases of chronic cervicitis (as a control), 35 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CIN) I, 35 cases of CIN II/III, 28 cases of unmetastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and 19 cases of metastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma. RNA interference technique was used to knock down YB-1, E6, and Snail genes. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and transwell experiment were used to detect RNA, protein, and cell invasion of cervical cancer cell lines Hela and C33A, respectively.ResultsFirst, YB-1 knockdown significantly reduced messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels of Snail, followed by the increased mRNA and protein levels of E-cad and the decreased invasive ability in both Hela (human papillomavirus [HPV] 18+) and C33A (HPV−) cell lines. Second, YB-1 and Snail protein were correlatively expressed in the group order of metastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma > unmetastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma > CINs > cervicitis, with the inverse expression mode of E-cad in the group order, P value less than 0.01, between any 2 groups. Finally, HPV18 E6 knockdown reduced the mRNA and protein levels of YB-1 and Snail in Hela cells.ConclusionsThe results firstly reported that YB-1 whose mRNA expression is regulated by HPV18 E6 promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition and progression of cervical cancer via enhancing the expressions of Snail, which indicated that YB-1/Snail/epithelial-mesenchymal transition axis could have a potential use in the diagnosis and therapy of cervical cancer metastasis as a cancer marker and molecular target.

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