This study aimed to investigate the role of neoadjuvant bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) regimen in patients with extensively advanced yolk sac tumors (YSTs).Methods
Between July 1982 and December 2015, a total of 58 patients with YST were initially treated at our institution, among which 18 were evaluated to be inoperable and received neoadjuvant BEP regimen. They were either too debilitated by the disease [Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status Scale (ECOG ps) ≥2] to undergo a major surgery or were with too extensively disseminated lesions to be optimally debulked. This cohort of patients was retrospectively reviewed.Results
One or 2 cycles of BEP regimen were prescribed to the majority of patients preoperatively. At the completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 17 of them had ECOG ps of 1 or less. Seventeen (94.4%) exhibited clinical partial tumor regression, and 1 (5.6%) had clinical stable disease. Pathological complete tumor regression was observed in 2 (11.1%) patients, whereas the remaining 16 (88.9%) had nearly complete pathological regression. Seventeen patients were cytoreduced to no macroscopic residual disease; the remaining 1 was cytoreduced to macroscopic residual disease of 2 cm or less. No major surgical complications occurred. After a median follow-up of 83.5 months, 17 patients were free of recurrence. Five-year disease-free survival and overall survival were both 94.4%. Fertility-sparing surgery was carried out in all the 17 patients with the desire to preserve their fertility, and 5 infants were delivered in 6 patients who attempted conception.Conclusions
One or 2 cycles of neoadjuvant BEP regimen followed by cytoreductive surgery offer a chance for cure in extensively advanced patients with YSTs and help pave the way for fertility-sparing surgery.