Massive Ovarian Edema Associated With a Broad Ligament Leiomyoma: A Case Report and Review

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Massive ovarian edema is a rare disorder in which there is marked accumulation of interstitial fluid in the stroma of the ovary. Grossly, the involved ovary is an enlarged solid mass with a smooth tan-white surface, easily confused with a neoplasm. Microscopically, it features diffuse interstitial edema sparing follicles and outer cortex, dilated lymphatic vessels, thick-walled veins, fibromatosis, and luteinized stromal cells. It is believed that massive ovarian edema arises from interference in lymphatic drainage and venous return of the ovary secondary to partial torsion among other etiologies. Herein we provide the first description of unilateral ovarian edema in association with a large leiomyoma in the ipsilateral broad ligament. It is important to recognize the various presentations of this benign entity and to consider it in the differential diagnosis of an adnexal mass in a reproductive age woman.

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