According to the physical optic approximation, a physical scale factor is suggested for scale model measurement of radar cross section (RCS). By this factor, the models of radar targets can be tested at the same frequency as prototype. This is significant for the lack of experimental equipment required or the problem of frequency dependency of radar absorbing materials on the objects. For the purpose of further verification and comparison, millimeter-wave is used to measure the model at the wavelength scaling down proportionally to the prototype. And the measurements of the models are also carried out at microwave band (same working wavelength with prototype). The computed results from models agree well with the data by prototype itself.