FAR-FIELD PATTERN OF A FOCAL-PLANE ARRAY-LENS ANTENNA AT MILLIMETER WAVELENGTHS

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Abstract

In this paper an analysis of the far-field pattern of a focal-plane array in the case of two different lenses, a coma-free lens and a hyperbolic lens, and their comparison, are presented. Ray tracing and aperture integration are used. The calculated field pattern at W band is presented. The focal-plane elements are assumed to be corrugated horn. The f / D of the lens is 1.3. The coma-free lens is designed by step integration. The calculation results show that the coma-free lens is superior to the hyperbolic lens in the imaging performance. The coma-free lens can contain more pixels under the condition that the beam size and beam quality are almost constant over the range of angles scanned and the differences among beams gain less 1.8 dB. The aperture efficiency and directivity are also presented.

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