Impact of sample volume and handling time during analysis on thein vitroquality measurements of platelet concentrates held in syringes

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The determination of quality parameters is a necessity for monitoring the efficacy of platelet concentrates. During consolidated quality control studies, there may be a large number of samples to be analyzed at the same time. This common workflow setup triggered the question whether there is an influence of the number of samples to be analyzed on the accuracy of the test results.


Two different sample volumes of platelet concentrates, 1 ml and 50 ml, were analyzed for a set of standard in vitro parameters including pCO2, pO2, pH, glucose, and lactate as well as platelet activation via CD62P expression and responsiveness to adinosine diphosphate in an extent-of-shape-change assay. To assess apoptotic mechanisms triggered by the hold time, changes in the phosphatidylserine exposure were monitored.


In total, eleven time points were assessed over a 3-h period as well as an overnight point for assay evaluation. Except for pCO2 and pO2, all in vitro parameters analyzed were unaffected by a sample hold time of up to 3-h.


Sampling for pO2 determination should be carried out in small volumes and assessed within 30 min of collection to obtain reliable and comparable results.

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