Perception of Cervical Cancer Risk and Screening Behavior: A Literature Review

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Abstract

PURPOSE:

This review examines women's risk perception of cervical cancer, the factors influencing this perception, and the relationship between risk perception of cervical cancer and screening behavior.

METHODS:

Integrative literature review method was used.

FINDINGS:

The search procedure resulted in the identification of 42 studies, including 1 literature review and 41 primary studies. Trends and discrepancies in the literature are presented with interpretations and recommendations.

CONCLUSION:

Existing theories of health behavior appear inadequate for understanding screening behavior, and further studies are recommended to enrich the knowledge base of nursing diagnoses in knowledge deficit and health-seeking behavior.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE:

Efforts would be made to improve nurses' understanding of risk perception of cervical cancer within specific cultural context.

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