Effect of a third-generation LED LCU on microhardness of tooth-colored restorative materials

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To assess the effects of different modes of a third-generation light-curing unit (LCU) (VALO) on the microhardness of restorative materials.


A microhybrid composite resin (Filtek™ Z550), a giomer (Beautifil II), a compomer (Dyract eXtra) and a RMGIC (Photac™ Fil) were used in the study. Three different modes of VALO were tested and a second-generation LCU (Elipar S10) was used as a control. The microhardness (VHN) was measured using a Vickers Hardness tester. Data were analyzed using two-way anova and post hoc Tukey's test (P < 0.05).


The Filtek Z550 group had the highest VHN values followed by Photac Fil, Beautifil II and the Dyract eXtra at both top and bottom surfaces, however the difference between Filtek Z550 and Photac Fil was not statistically significant for the bottom surfaces (P > 0.05). Of the different curing protocols tested, the VALO LCU in Mode 3 resulted in the lowest VHN values at both top and bottom surfaces (P < 0.05).


Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the high-power mode of the VALO LCU can be recommended for clinical applications especially in pediatric patients, as it can shorten the time required to adequately polymerize resin-based tooth-colored restorative materials.

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