Effects of ideomotor apraxia on functional outcomes in patients with right hemiplegia

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ideomotor apraxia on activities of daily living and to determine if the presence of apraxia interferes with rehabilitation. This study was conducted on 47 patients with right hemiplegia. All the patients were assessed at their admission and discharge, respectively, for apraxia by Ideomotor Apraxia Test, for daily living activities by Functional Independence Measure (FIM, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, California, USA), for cognitive functions by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and for language components by Gulhane Aphasia Test (GAT). The effects of apraxia presence and time course on FIM, MMSE, and GAT scores were investigated. Presence of apraxia was found to have significant effect on all test scores (P<0.05). Time course had the main significant effect on FIM, MMSE, and GAT scores (P<0.05). Interaction effect of both presence of apraxia and time course on the test scores was not significant either. In other words, apraxic and nonapraxic patients seemed to gain benefits from the neurological rehabilitation. However, mean FIM scores of apraxic patients during discharge have failed to reach the mean FIM scores of nonapraxic patients during admission. Apraxia is considered as an important determinant in the dependence of patients with stroke in their activities of daily living. For this reason, during the initial assessment of patients with right hemiplegia, apraxia should be tested, and the presence of apraxia as well as its severity should be determined.

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