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This article explores the relationships between passion for work and work–family conflicts (WFC). Using a multidimensional perspective of WFC, 2 studies (Study 1 = 91 civil servants; Study 2 = 679 teachers) tested a model in which passion for work predicted psychological distress through 4 types of WFC. In Study 1, results revealed that harmonious and obsessive passion for work negatively and positively predicted psychological distress, respectively, and that these relationships were mediated by strain-based work-to-family conflict (WIF). In Study 2, another potential mediator was added to our model, namely, work satisfaction. Results showed that harmonious passion negatively predicted psychological distress through enhanced work satisfaction and reduced strain-based WIF. Obsessive passion for work positively predicted psychological distress through enhanced strain-based WIF and strain-based family-to-work (FIW). Obsessive passion was positively related to all four types of WFC, whereas harmonious passion seemed to protect workers from experiencing WFC. Important contributions made to the passion and work–family conflict literatures are discussed.