In the last few decades, payday lending has mushroomed in many developed countries. The arguments for and against an industry which provides small, short-term loans at very high interest rates have also blossomed. This article presents findings from an Australian study to contribute to the international policy and practice debate about a sector which orients to those on a low income. At the heart of this debate lies a conundrum: Borrowing from payday lenders exacerbates poverty, yet many low-income households rely on these loans. We argue that the key problem is the restricted framework within which the debate currently oscillates.
Key Practitioner Message: • Framing payday borrowing as a problem of market failure leads to one-sided and ineffective regulatory responses; • Until governments instigate real alternatives for cheap and readily available credit, and broader anti-poverty measures, curbing access to payday lenders can have the perverse effect of increasing privation; • For practitioners seeking to abolish payday lending, campaigns for higher wages and a liveable social welfare income are central.