Discordant HIV DNA PCR results among infants diagnosed with HIV infection and initiated on ART: a case series

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This case series reports three infants diagnosed with HIV-1 infection using DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. The three children were initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) at ten, four and six months of age. Their serological tests at 18 months of age were negative for HIV-1. The first child was discontinued from ART. The other two children were HIV-negative after 18 months, but were continued on ART. Such seroreversion may be either due to viral suppression or false-positive DNA PCR results. There is a need to develop guidelines to address such discordant cases.

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