Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in an urban public hospital pregnancy termination clinic

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Abstract

This study is a follow-up observational study to assess the prevalence of chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (GC) among women who undergo a first-trimester surgical termination in a large public, urban hospital-based termination clinic, and to compare the rates to previously published data. We conducted a retrospective chart review on 4197 patients who underwent CT and GC testing before an elective, first-trimester surgical termination between 1 June 2014 and 31 May 2015. The prevalence rates were calculated and compared by chi square tests to previously published data from 1 January 2006 to 30 June 2006 from the same publicly-funded pregnancy termination clinic. Our study population comprised mostly of African Americans (86.8%), and more than half were aged less than 25 years. The overall prevalence of CT in our population was 9.6%, which was significantly different to the prevalence of 11.4% in 2006 (p value = 0.03). The overall prevalence of GC in our population was 1.9%, which was not significantly different to the prevalence of 2.6% in 2006. To conclude, this study demonstrates the high prevalence rate of CT-positive and GC-positive patients in our publicly-funded pregnancy termination clinic. The prevalence of infection with CT and GC in our study is higher than in other family planning clinics. Regular screening of all patients who undergo induced termination in pregnancy termination clinics can provide a valuable opportunity for physicians to counsel patients about sexually transmitted infection prevention and treatment prior to the procedure or distribution of medications.

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