The Relationship Between Intracholecystic Papillary-Tubular Neoplasms and Invasive Carcinoma of the Gallbladder

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Abstract

Introduction.

The term intracholecystic papillary-tubular neoplasm (ICPN) is suggested by some authors for a group of exophytic lesions of the gallbladder. In our study, demographic, pathological, and immunohistochemical features of 45 ICPN cases and their relationship with invasive carcinoma were analyzed.

Material and methods.

A total of 45 ICPN cases were retrieved out of 7334 cholecystectomies performed between1996 and 2014. Cases were evaluated with regard to demographic, pathological, and immunohistochemical features. Correlation between the clinical and histopathological data and occurrence of invasion was sought.

Results.

The incidence of ICPN was 0.61% in our series. Invasive carcinoma was observed in 56% of cases. Factors associated with invasion were diffuse high-grade dysplasia (P = .002), papillary growth pattern (P = .001), greatest diameter of the lesion, and high Ki67 proliferation index (P < .0001).

Discussion.

Some authors have reported that small intracholecystic exophytic lesions without high-grade dysplasia are considered to be inconsequential. However, there are not enough data concerning the features of large lesions with high-grade dysplasia and their prognoses. Our data suggest that cases with diffuse high-grade dysplasia and tubulopapillary/papillary growth pattern, large tumor size, and high Ki67 proliferation index should be studied for the presence of invasion.

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