Dynamical Model and Path Integral Formalism for Hubbard Operators

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Abstract

In this paper, the possibility to construct a path integral formalism by using the Hubbard operators as field dynamical variables is investigated. By means of arguments coming from the Faddeev-Jackiw symplectic Lagrangian formalism as well as from the Hamiltonian Dirac method, it can be shown that it is not possible to define a classical dynamics consistent with the full algebra of the Hubbard X-operators. Moreover, from the Faddeev-Jackiw symplectic algorithm, and in order to satisfy the Hubbard X-operators commutation rules, it is possible to determine the number of constraints that must be included in a classical dynamical model. Following this approach, it is clear how the constraint conditions that must be introduced in the classical Lagrangian formulation are weaker than the constraint conditions imposed by the full Hubbard operators algebra. The consequence of this fact is analyzed in the context of the path integral formalism. Finally, in the framework of the perturbative theory, the diagrammatic and the Feynman rules of the model are discussed.

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