Prevalence and risk factors of female urinary incontinence in eastern Turkey

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Abstract

Objectives:

To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and determine risk factors for its development in women living in eastern Turkey.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 2275 women aged between 17 and 80 years. A questionnaire examining demographic characteristics, parity and pelvic organ prolapse was given. Presence and types of incontinence were examined using a validated form of the Turkish version of the urogenital distress inventory questionnaire-short form (UDI-6).

Results:

A total of 1054 (46.3%) women reported involuntary loss of urine. Stress UI was present in 46% of women, whereas urge UI was detected in 43% of them. Mean age of patients with and without UI were 44.57 + 11.04 and 35.04 + 9.51, respectively. Age, total number of pregnancies and number of deliveries were shown to be significantly different in patients with and without any type of UI. Multiple logistic regression analysis of the factors revealed that age, total delivery number, pelvic organ prolapse and difficult labor were significantly associated with the presence of UI.

Conclusions:

This is the first study examining the prevalence of UI in women living in eastern Turkey. By using a validated questionnaire, several risk factors for the development of UI were determined. Pelvic organ prolapse and increased number of births were found to be two most significant ones.

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