Role of angiotensin and endothelin in testicular ischemia reperfusion injury

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To determine whether angiotensin and endothelin have any role in testicular ischemia reperfusion injury by investigating the effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril, selective non-peptide angiotensin-II type I blocker losartan and dual endothelin receptor blocker bosentan.


Rats were anesthetized with thiopental sodium (50 mg/kg i.p.) before the operation. The left testicular artery and vein of rats were occluded for 1 h; before the bilateral orchiectomy, the organ was allowed to reperfuse for 3 h or 24 h. Enalapril (20 mg/kg i.p.), losartan (30 mg/kg i.p.), bosentan (10 mg/kg i.p.) or vehicle (saline) were given 30 min before reperfusion. Malondialdehyde level was measured in testicular tissue after 3 h of reperfusion. Histological examination was carried out after 24 h of reperfusion.


Ischemia reperfusion caused a significant increase in malondialdehyde level of ipsilateral testis, and histopathological injury in both ipsilateral and contralateral testes. Enalapril, losartan and bosentan treatments prevented the ischemia reperfusion-induced augmentation in malondialdehyde levels. Only bosentan treatment ameloriated ischemia reperfusion-induced histopathological alterations.


Endothelin might play a more important role in pathogenesis of testicular ischemia reperfusion injury when compared with angiotensin.

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