Role of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor in the treatment of metastatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma: A case report

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Epithelioid angiomyolipoma has malignant potential; however, no effective therapy has been established for advanced cases. A 50-year-old woman with a history of right nephrectomy for epithelioid angiomyolipoma was referred to our institution. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple tumors in her lung, liver and pelvic cavity. The liver and pelvic tumor specimens obtained by needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid angiomyolipoma recurrence. The patient was treated with everolimus (10 mg/day). Three months later, pulmonary lesions disappeared; liver and pelvic tumors significantly shrank in size, but the pelvic tumor gradually enlarged again. We carried out surgical resection of the residual liver and pelvic cavity tumors. Although the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor seems to be effective for treating epithelioid angiomyolipoma, its long-term effects remain unknown. Thus, aggressive administration of a multidisciplinary treatment including molecular target therapy and surgical resection is required to improve the prognosis of epithelioid angiomyolipoma.

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