HISTOMORPHOMETRY OF INITIAL BONE HEALING AROUND ZIRCONIUM IMPLANTS IN RATS

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Abstract

Histometric evaluations as a function of time were performed with zirconium implants during the healing period in 10 Wistar rats. The implants (7 mm × 1 mm × 0.1 mm) were placed in the right tibia of the animals. Five rats were killed after 14 days and the remainder were sacrificed 30 days after implantation. The tibiae were resected, radiographed, and embedded in poly(methyl methacrylate). Three cross-sections were obtained transverse to the major axis of each tibia. Osseointegrated tissue thickness, percentage of direct bone-to-implant contact, and osseointegrated tissue volume were evaluated for each specimen. Bone formation was observed on the surface of the implanted strip that was in contact with tibia marrow. This method is proposed for the evaluation of the first stage of healing of bone in contact with different implant materials subjected to various surface treatments. (Implant Dent 1993;2:264–267)

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